In 2017 alone, California saw a devastating series of floods that ravaged over $1.05 billion worth of roads and highways. If you’re living in California, you know that this isn’t new. Floods in the area are a regular occurrence and that the best thing to do is to brace yourself and prepare for the worst.
Since floods in California appear to be inevitable, it’s important to educate your family and loved ones on flood safety while preparing your home to withstand the effects of possible flooding in your area.
HOW OFTEN DO FLOODS OCCUR IN CALIFORNIA?
In the United States, flash floods are among the most common and most destructive weather disasters. It’s no secret that floods have damaged billions in infrastructure and have claimed thousands of lives over the years.
Floods in California are extremely common. According to the Public Policy Institute of California, 1 in every 5 residents and $580 billion in infrastructure are vulnerable to flooding. Flooding is so common that every county has been declared a flood disaster area a number of times in the past years.
Heavy rainfall, even for a short period of time, may cause a sharp rise in water levels and elevate flooding risk. In California, 90% of the floods are caused by riverine flooding. However, other weather and environmental conditions such as hurricanes, excessive snowmelt and runoffs, tsunamis, lack of vegetation, and ‘atmospheric rivers’ may also cause floods.
Although floods of epic proportions are expected every 100 to 200 years (like the Great Flood of 1862), California residents may continue to expect floods brought about by unusual weather conditions. These include atmospheric rivers (or literally rivers in the sky) and heavy snowfall due to climate change.
FLOOD WARNING TERMINOLOGY
HOW TO PREPARE YOUR HOUSE FOR A FLOOD:
BEFORE THE FLOOD
Not all homes can be flood-proof but there are still some things you can prepare to minimize flood damage to your home. Since some areas in California are notorious for flooding, it’s better to learn in advance how to prepare your home for a flood.
Flood watches and warnings mean that it may be too late to prepare for a flood, that’s why you have to take these steps now or as soon as you’re able.
Get flood insurance. Standard homeowners’ insurance usually excludes coverage for flood damage. If you live in coastal California (or near bodies of water), flood insurance can help protect your assets from flood-related losses and give financial assistance in case of flood damage restoration and repairs.
Residents in communities participating in the NFIP are eligible to purchase flood insurance. You can purchase flood insurance from licensed casualty and property insurance brokers who deal directly with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), but you may also get flood insurance from companies with a Write Your Own (WYO) program.
How does flood insurance work?
A flood insurance policy usually takes effect 30 days after purchase. However, for properties in high-risk areas where lenders require the borrowers to regularly renew flood insurance, the flood protection policy takes effect immediately.
Flood insurance generally covers physical losses from flooding, such as:
EVACUATION, SURVIVAL OR STAY-IN KIT ESSENTIALS FOR FLOOD EMERGENCY
Before the flood, gather emergency supplies not only for you and your loved ones but also for your pets. Regularly check the expiry dates of food items and replace them accordingly. Make sure to have your survival kits within reach in case of a flood emergency.
Prepare family members who are seniors or with disabilities.
Communicate your emergency evacuation plan with your family members. Let them have an emergency phone with backup batteries for communication, whether they live with you or not.
Have emergency contact details on their phone and include an out-of-town contact for them to call in case your local contacts may be affected by the flood as well.
If your family member has special medical needs, talk to your doctor regarding an emergency backup plan.
In addition to an emergency or survival kit, have another kit for your loved one’s medicines or special needs (i.e. extra hearing aid and batteries, extra pair of glasses). Help them safeguard their important documents and keep them within reach, especially their insurance documents, health cards, power of attorney, or similar documents.
Keep your pets safe. Besides taking care of your loved ones, you’ll also need to protect your pets during a flood. The best way to do this is to plan your emergency measures for them prior to a natural disaster.
A few tips:
WHAT TO DO DURING THE FLOOD
Besides preparing for the flood beforehand, it’s equally important to know what to do during the flood. While some floods may not be as life-threatening as others, it’s still necessary to become aware of the right choices to make in order to survive a flood.
Stay tuned for flood updates in your area. Listen to the NOAA Weather Radio or the emergency alerts for evacuation instructions and travel routes to use (or not to use).
You should evacuate when the government issues an evacuation order. Make sure to take your evacuation/survival kits with you.
WHAT TO DO AFTER THE FLOOD
Experiencing a flood can be a traumatic experience for you and your loved ones. Amidst it all, stay calm and don’t panic. Offer emotional support and comfort for your loved ones and give them the assurance that no matter how worse things seem, everything will be okay.
If you have evacuated and are planning to return home after the flood, check the news and weather bulletin if it’s safe to travel. Return home if the authorities declare the roads safe for travel again.
When returning home:
Make sure to document the flood water damage to your home. Documentation will be helpful in making claims to your insurance provider for flood water damage.
Do you need the assistance of our water damage restoration team? You can trust our professionals to act immediately and handle your water damage restoration needs.